Human Rights for Human Beings

"Rationality is not some particular power humans have, but rather their distinctive manner of having powers. To describe a human being as rational does not describe properties requisite to qualify for a certain species or species’ right; rather it characterizes human nature itself. The predicates, as Matthew Boyle puts it, “state not features that individuals must have if they are to belong to that kind, but rather attributes that directly characterize the nature of the substantial kind itself.” “Rational” is thus not a characteristic of some animal species, but instead constitutes the human way of being uniquely different from all other physical creatures. Deliberative agency and subjectivity, acting knowingly by conceptually weighing options, all involving intentionality and reflective thought, are distinctive of humans, who alone fit the description of rational animals."