"The City of God is no ordinary book. For a work of theology, it is also the first work of systematic cultural criticism. For an apologia against the pagan critics of Christianity, it discusses literature, Hellenic philosophy, and world history. The City of God is the first attempt to outline, in a systematic effort, a theology of history. If Karl Löwith was right, and all subsequent “philosophy of history” is rooted in theology, St. Augustine was also the father of the historical imagination along with being the discoverer of psychological interiority."