"In large part, it seems degrees hold such vaunted status simply because college-degree requirements have escaped serious legal scrutiny. As such, risk-averse employers have relied on degrees as an expedient way to screen applicants while avoiding the legal pitfalls accompanying other employment tests. Employers have been content to presume that a college degree signals desirable behavior and confirms the baseline verbal and written skills required for many jobs. Meanwhile, colleges and universities maintain their own admissions criteria that are subject to nondiscrimination rules and put heavy emphasis on diversity, inclusion, and racial representation. Consequently, college degrees have a patina of intellectual capacity and nondiscrimination, making college a "natural" pathway to good employment and shielding businesses from supply-side consequences."